The majority of dogs live in a home where people want them to behave in certain ways. Dogs are not born with the understanding of how people want them to behave, they must be trained.
The basic principle in training your dog is to give rewards for desired behaviour such as food or favourite toy and to ignore or correct undesired behaviour. Corrections should never include harmful physical force or violence.
Basic dog obedience training will consist of the following:
Training sessions should be full of consistent repetition, praise and positive reinforcement.
When training your dog for the first time, start your training sessions in a familiar environment, free from other distractions.
As well as obedience training you will also have to master the basics such as toilet training, name familiarity, teething and socialisation.
Puppies are very inquisitive and like to investigate everythng before they understand what fear is. When puppies start teething they want something to chew and they want to chew lots of differnet things to experience the different textures. Puppies will chew anything and everything if they are not watched. Therefore it is best that you provide them some chew toys, this should stop your puppy from chewing your shoes. It is also advisable that you have lots of different chew toys of different textures as your puppy will become bored of the same toy.
If your puppy still trys to chew the furniture, there are chew deterrent sprays on the market which may help.
It is not just puppies that need to learn their name, if you adopt a dog they may have a name that you do not like. It is relativity easy for a dog to learn its name, you will need to decide on your dogs name, when you call your dog priase them and give them a treat when they respond, keep repeating this and contiune to priase your dog, but then only occasionally give your dog a treat, until your dog has learned their name.
Toilet training is a simple process, however you will need to be patient and provide your dog with a routine.
Initially, you will have to build your routine around your puppy’s needs, and these are predictable when they are very young.
Puppies will need to urinate immediately after waking up, so you need to take your puppy to where you want it to urinate upon waking. When a puppy eats it will stimulate its digestive system and puppies will usually what to toilet within 15-30 minutes of eating, this will vary depending on your dog.
Initially puppies do not have good bladder control and will need to urinate approximately every couple of hours. If puppies become to excited they may also urinate.
It is also useful to have cue words like ‘wee wees’ while the puppy is actually urinating or defecating, so that you will be able to prompt the puppy later on.
Toilet training errors
There are many reasons why toilet training might not go as smoothly as it could these include the following;
Feeding an unsuitable diet or giving a variety of foods.
Not feeding at regular times.
Punishing the puppy for its indoor accidents this can make it scared of toileting in front of you.
Laziness on the owners part.
Submissive or excited urination on greeting (try and tone down your greeting so it is less exciting or overwhelming).
Socialising your dog
Puppies need to have pleasant interaction with a variety of adults, children and other animals. It is best to start this interaction when they are young. Attending a well-run puppy training class will help your puppy to socialise with other dogs, however please ensure that your puppy has had all its vacinations before socialising with other animals.